Sports Related Knee Injuries

by Craig W. Goodhart, MD 16. September 2015 07:31

The knee is the largest joint and supports the entire weight of the body. It is responsible for all movements such as walking, jogging, running etc. which makes it quite susceptible to injuries. Knee injuries are common while playing sports and can be caused due to a fall, direct blow, injury or overuse.

The common sports related knee injuries are:

  • Sprains/ Strains: A strain is caused due to the stretching or tearing of the muscle tissues in the knee. A sprain occurs when the ligaments in the knee are stretched, twisted or torn. Both the conditions may cause inflammation, tenderness, bruising and pain in the knee. Sprains and strains are usually caused due to running, jumping, falls, slips and twists.
  • Runner’s Knee: The condition, also known as Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, is caused due to overuse of the knee. The condition is common among runners and weight lighters. Direct blow, incorrect landing from a jump, Flat Feet, weak muscles and misaligned bones may lead to this condition. Runner’s Knee causes pain behind the knee which increases while walking or running.
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS): This overuse injury causes a sharp pain at the outer part of the knee. The condition is caused due to swelling in the Iliotibial band leading to pain and restricted range of motion of the knee joint). Runners, athletes or people who need to squat frequently are prone to the condition.
  • Cartilage damage: Cartilage is a flexible and tough tissue that acts as a shock absorber to the knee. Injury to the cartilage can cause swelling, pain, stiffness and reduced range of motion. This occurs due to sudden fall, injury or direct blow to the knee joint.
  • Patellar Tendonitis: Also known as Jumper’s Knee, this condition is caused due to injury to the tissues that join the kneecap and shinbone. Repetitive jumping, landing or twisting in sports such as basketball, gymnastics and football can lead to Patellar Tendonitis.
  • Ligament Injuries: The knee is formed of four ligaments namely medial collateral ligament (MCL), lateral collateral ligament (LCL) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). These ligaments can be partially or fully injured due to incorrect landing, direct blow, accident or extending the knee beyond its range of motion.
  • Bursitis: This condition is characterized by the inflammation of the bursa, a fluid filled sac that provides cushioning to the knee bones. Athletes involved in sports such as football, wrestling, or basketball are prone to the condition due to the increased probability of falls or direct blows to the knee.

You can consult Dr. Goodhart for comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of knee injuries. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic sports surgeon in Flower Mound, you can call at (972) 899-4679.

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